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Cybercrime in Nepal : Types and Laws for Cybersecurity

Table of Contents

Cybercrime refers to criminal activities that are carried out through the use of digital devices or the internet. Cybercrime has become a widespread problem around the world, and Nepal is no exception. The country has seen a significant increase in cybercrime in recent years, which can be attributed to the rapid growth of the internet and the increasing use of digital devices. Cybercriminals in Nepal use various methods to carry out their illegal activities, including phishing scams, hacking, identity theft, and malware attacks. In this article, we will understand various types of cyber crimes and further guide you on where and how to report cyber crimes in Nepal.

Common Types of Cybercrime in Nepal

Online fraud

Online fraud is a type of cybercrime that involves using deception to obtain money or valuable information through the internet. Phishing scams are a common form of online fraud in Nepal, where criminals trick victims into providing sensitive information, such as passwords or credit card numbers. These scams often come in the form of fraudulent emails or messages that appear to be from a legitimate source, such as a bank or a government agency.

Other types of online fraud in Nepal include lottery scams, where victims are promised a large sum of money if they pay a fee or provide personal information, and fake online shopping websites, where criminals set up fake websites to steal credit card information from unsuspecting customers. Job scams are also prevalent in Nepal, where criminals pose as employers and ask for personal information or payment for job applications. It is important to be cautious when providing personal information online and to verify the authenticity of websites and emails before taking any action.


Hacking is a form of cybercrime that involves gaining unauthorized access to a computer system or network. In Nepal, hacking has become a prevalent issue, with many hackers targeting businesses and government agencies. Hacking can result in the theft of sensitive information, such as customer data or financial records, and can cause significant damage to the reputation and operations of affected organizations.

Hackers in Nepal often use techniques such as social engineering, phishing, and malware to gain access to computer systems and networks. They may also exploit vulnerabilities in software and operating systems to gain access. To combat hacking, it is essential to implement strong cybersecurity measures, such as using up-to-date software and firewalls, regularly backing up data, and educating employees on safe computing practices. It is also important to report any suspected hacking incidents to law enforcement agencies.

Identity theft

Identity theft is a type of cybercrime that involves the unauthorized use of someone’s personal information, such as their name, address, or social security number. In Nepal, cybercriminals often use identity theft to commit various types of fraud, such as opening bank accounts or applying for loans in someone else’s name.

Identity theft can have severe consequences for victims, including damage to their credit score, financial losses, and even legal issues. Cybercriminals in Nepal use a variety of tactics to obtain personal information, such as phishing scams, hacking, and malware. They may also steal physical documents or personal devices that contain sensitive information.

To protect against identity theft, it is advised to safeguard personal information, such as by using strong and unique passwords, avoiding public Wi-Fi networks, and regularly monitoring bank and credit card statements for suspicious activity. It is also critical to report any suspected incidents of identity theft to law enforcement agencies and credit bureaus.

Impact of Cybercrime in Nepal

Impact on Businesses

Cybercrime has a significant impact on businesses in Nepal. Many businesses are not adequately prepared to deal with cyber threats, and a successful cyberattack can cause significant financial losses, damage to reputation, and loss of sensitive data.

To protect against cyber threats, businesses in Nepal should implement strong cybersecurity measures, such as using firewalls and antivirus software, regularly backing up data, and conducting regular security audits. Businesses should also educate their employees on safe computing practices, such as how to recognize phishing scams and how to create strong passwords.

It is also significant for businesses to have an incident response plan in place in case of a cyberattack. This plan should include steps for isolating affected systems, notifying stakeholders, and contacting law enforcement agencies. By taking proactive steps to prevent cyberattacks and having a plan in place to respond to incidents, businesses can better protect themselves against the harmful effects of cybercrime.

Impact on Individuals

Individuals in Nepal are also vulnerable to cybercrime. Cybercriminals often use social engineering tactics to trick people into providing personal information, such as passwords or credit card numbers. This can lead to financial losses and identity theft.

To protect against cyber threats, individuals should take steps such as using strong and unique passwords, avoiding public Wi-Fi networks, and being cautious when sharing personal information online. It is also important to regularly monitor bank and credit card statements for suspicious activity and to report any suspected incidents of identity theft or fraud to the appropriate authorities.

In addition, individuals can protect themselves by staying informed about the latest cyber threats and by using security software, such as antivirus programs and firewalls, on their devices. By taking these steps, individuals can reduce their risk of falling victim to cybercrime in Nepal.

Measures to Combat Cybercrime in Nepal

Legal framework for cybersecurity in Nepal

Nepal has enacted various laws and regulations to combat cybercrime. The Electronic Transactions Act, 2063 (2008) provides a legal framework to regulate electronic transactions and prevent cybercrime. The act includes provisions for punishing cybercriminals and protecting the rights of victims.

Under the act, cybercrime is defined as any activity carried out with the intent to harm or deceive someone through the use of electronic means. This includes unauthorized access to computer systems, hacking, identity theft, and other forms of cybercrime.

The act also provides for the establishment of a Cyber Bureau within the Nepal Police to investigate and prosecute cybercrime cases. The Cyber Bureau has the authority to seize and examine electronic devices and to work with international law enforcement agencies to track down cybercriminals.

In addition, Nepal has ratified the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime, which provides a framework for international cooperation in the investigation and prosecution of cybercrime. By enacting these laws and regulations and working with international partners, Nepal is taking important steps to combat cybercrime and protect its citizens against the harmful effects of cybercrime.

Cybersecurity awareness campaigns in Nepal

To combat cybercrime, the Nepalese government has launched various cybersecurity awareness campaigns to educate the public about cyber threats and how to protect themselves from cybercriminals. These campaigns include seminars, workshops, and training programs.

The government has partnered with private sector organizations, such as banks and telecommunications companies, to reach a wider audience with these campaigns. The goal is to increase public awareness of cyber threats and to promote safe online behavior.

In addition to these campaigns, the government has also launched a website dedicated to cybersecurity awareness. The website provides information on common cyber threats, tips for staying safe online, and resources for reporting cybercrime incidents.

These efforts to raise awareness about cyber threats and promote safe online behavior are an important part of Nepal’s strategy to combat cybercrime. By educating the public about the risks and providing resources for staying safe online, the government can help to reduce the number of cybercrime incidents in Nepal.

Law enforcement agencies

In Nepal, the Central Investigation Bureau (CIB) is responsible for investigating cybercrime. The CIB has established a Cyber Crime Investigation Cell to investigate and prosecute cybercriminals. The government has also established a National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) to coordinate efforts to combat cybercrime.

The Cyber Crime Investigation Cell is responsible for conducting investigations into cybercrime cases and bringing cybercriminals to justice. The cell has trained investigators who use specialized tools and techniques to analyze digital evidence and track down cybercriminals.

The NCSC is responsible for developing policies and strategies for combating cybercrime and for coordinating efforts between government agencies, private sector organizations, and international partners. The center also provides advice and support to businesses and individuals on how to protect themselves from cyber threats.

These law enforcement agencies play a critical role in combating cybercrime in Nepal. By investigating and prosecuting cybercriminals and by coordinating efforts to combat cybercrime, these agencies are helping to create a safer online environment for Nepalese citizens and businesses.

Where and How to report cyber crime in Nepal

To report cybercrime in Nepal, you can follow these steps:

  • Contact the Cyber Bureau: The Cyber Bureau is responsible for handling cybercrime cases in Nepal. You can reach them through various means.
  • Email: Email the Cyber Bureau at Include all relevant information about the cybercrime incident, such as details of the incident, any evidence you have, and your contact information.
  • Visit the website: Access the official website of Nepal Police at You can find more information about reporting cybercrime and any updates on the process.
  • Phone: You can also contact the Cyber Bureau by phone. The contact number provided on the website is 9851286770. You can call this number or reach out to the main police line at 014219044.

When reporting cybercrime, make sure to provide as much detail as possible about the incident. Include any evidence, such as screenshots, emails, or other relevant documents that can assist in the investigation. It is important to provide accurate contact information so that the authorities can reach you if needed.

Remember to always keep copies of any correspondence or evidence related to the cybercrime incident. It’s advisable to cooperate fully with the authorities and provide any additional information or assistance they may require during the investigation.


Cybercrime is a growing threat in Nepal, and it is essential to take measures to combat it. By enacting strong laws and regulations, raising cybersecurity awareness, and investing in law enforcement agencies, Nepal can take significant steps towards preventing cybercrime and protecting its citizens and businesses from the harmful effects of cyber threats.

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    Dear Cyber Security Team,

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